Isaiah: Index of Themes

(Note: DS = Daas Sofrim)

Analogies

God as lion, His enemies as shepherds

31:4

idolatry as sexual immorality 57:5-8

Jewish nation as vineyard 5:1-7

punishment (an exercise in moral education) as preparations for harvest 28:24-28

Angels

as Royal courtiers 6:2-4

representing nations 24:21; 34:4-6

Arrogance

Bavel 47:10

Jews 22:1; 28:1; 30:7-11; 48:4, 8;

66:4

Nevuchadnezer 14:l3

restoration of humility 3:12-17

Tzur 23:9

Childlessness

and an eternal legacy 56:3-8; 65:23

Clarity of mind

drunkenness 5:11, 22; 28:1, 7; 51:21-22;

56:12; 63:6

drunkenness (avoidance) 7:23-25 (Rashi)

during the redemption 35:5; 40:3-5 (DS)

flawed self-assessment 5:20-21, 23

product of just society 32:4 (Rashi)

self-inflicted confusion 6:9-10; 29:9-12; 59:9-11; 63:17

Communal cohesion

collapse 9:18-20; 65:8-9

integrated responsibilities 62:10

Communal structure/hierarchy

collapse 24:2

corrupt leadership 1:23; 30:12

God as lawgiver and judge 33:22

king as public servant 32:1

Destruction

Babylon 13:19-22; 14:6-12; 34:9

(Rashi); ch. 47; 48:22

Damascus 17:1-2

Edom 34:5; 63:1-6

Egypt Ch. 19, 27:1

general Ch. 34

Moav Chs. 15-16, 25:10

nations in general 25:6-7 ; 26:5

of evil in general 64:1-3

rebellious Jews 5:24-30; 65:6-7, 12-14; 66:15-

16

rebuilding 58:12; 61:4 (see DS)

Sancheriv 17:12-14 27:1 29:5-8 30:27-31

31:8 37:36

Ten Tribes 5:24-30; Ch. 17; Ch. 24 (see

Radak); 30:17

Tzur and Sidon Ch. 23

Yishmael 27:10 (or 27:1)

Exile

end of 11:10-16; 14:1; 27:13; 40:3-4;

43:5-6; 48:20; 49:9-21; chs.

52, 53; 55:12; 59:20; 60:4, 9

Flattery (chanifa)

absence in just society 32:5

consequences 9:16

of the land 24:5

Gehinnom

description 30:33; 31:9; 66:23-24

Gentiles

and bais hamikdash 56:7; 60:3-13

as example for Israel 2:5 (Rashi)

as great men 45:1-3

as “scapegoat” for Israel 43:3-4

compassion for 15:5; 16:11; 21:3 (Rashi)

respect for Israel 62:2

end to their power 25:2-7; 27:1; 51:12-13; 54:14;

60:12; 63:1-6

heavenly representation 24:21 34:4-7

intermarriage 2:6 (Rashi)

international peace 2:4; 19:23; 60:12

judgment of 2:4

Koresh (Cyrus) 41:27; 44:28; 45:1-3; 48:14

(Rashi)

partnership with Jews 23:18; 39:1-4; 60:6-16; 61:5

prophecies compared with those of the Torah

41:22; 43:9; 44:7, 25; 46:10

reliance on 39:1-4

serving God 2:3-4; 19:19; 26:2; 45:1, 14

share in eternity 56:3-8

teshuva (Egypt) 19:21; 42:10-12

upon witnessing redemption 53:1-6; 55:5

weakness before God 40:6-23

God

as avenger Ch. 34; 35:4; 54:14-17; 63:1-6;

65:6-7

as defender of Israel 31:4-6; 41:4, 10, 14; 42:1-4;

43:1-5; 45:17; 46:3-4; ch. 49;

62:2

as forgiver of sins 44:22

as lawgiver and judge 1:21; 33:22

as perfect judge 53:11

as redeemer of Israel 48:17; 49:7; 54:7-10; 59:16-21;

60:1; 61:10-11; 65:17-25

avoiding/ignoring 30:9-12; 57:11

controlling history 10:5,15; 13:3; 14:25-27; 24:3;

27:6-8; 40:11; 41:4; 42:9;

43:14; 44:26-28; 45:4-8, 12-13;

48:10, 17; 49:22; 51:4;

53:10-12; 62:1-9; 64:2-3; 66:18

existence proved 40:21, 26; 66:20

forgiving 57:16-19; 59:16

guiding through suffering 53:10-12

guiding through Torah 55:10-11

in exile 52:5

infinite power 44:7, 25; 45:6; 46:9

recognition of 25:9; 40:26; 41:20

sitting in judgment 6:1; 40:27; 65:8-9

Idolatry

as excuse to avoid teshuva 28:15 (Rashi)

as rebellion 65:3

inherent weakness 40:19-20; 44:9-20 (ridicule);

46:1-2, 6-7; 57:5-13

need to remove 27:9

ultimate rejection of 2:18-20; 30:22; 31:7; 42:17-18;

45:22; 66:16-17

Illness and death

suffering; in silence 53:7

suffering; the value of life 38:9-20; 51:14

Intensity

in Torah 55:1

needed for avodah 51:17 (DS); 58:6-14

superficial observance 1:11-15; 58:2-5

Joy

consequence of just society 32:17-20

during redemption 12:3; 35:10; 49:18-21; 51:11;

52:9; 54:1; 55:12; 61:10;

65:18-19

freedom from tears 25:8

Shabbos 58:13-14

Wine and song 24:7-11

Justice

appropriate measures 1:17; 27:8

as prerequisite for teshuva 33:15; 56:1; 58:6, 9

as source of God’s power 33:5 (see DS)

corrupt court activities 1:23; 5:7-8; 10:2; 14:5; 32:6-7;

59:15

for cruel nations 14:4-23; 26:9; 47:6

in the messianic age 2:4; 11:3-5; 26:21; 51:1, 7;

54:14; 56:1; 61:7

favoritism and nepotism 3:9

neglect for social justice 1:23; 3:15; 5:7-8; 14:5; 30:12;

58:6; 59:3-15

as purpose of government 32:1

Korbonos

volume 1:11; 43:23-24

contradicting other behavior 1:11-13; 66:3

Leadership

God as temporal leader 33:22

loss of 64:4

source of real leadership 58:11-12

Torah l. 32:1; 63:11-14

Torah l. (flawed or absent) 1:10; 3:1-6; 9:13-15; 30:12;

51:18; 56:10-12; 63:16 (DS)

without clarity of thought 28:7,9 29:11, 21

Loyalty

to David’s monarchy 8:6

Marriage

women’s need 4:1

Messianic Age

note: see haftara to last day of Pesach (10:32 – 12:6) and R’ M. Hirsch’s commentary

accompanied by judgment 2:4; 28:16; 65:8-9; 66:16-17

added recognition of God 2:2-5; 25:9; 35:5; 40:3-5;

41:17-18 (Rashi); 43:19; 52:6,

10; 66:18-20

additional light 30:26; 60:1-3

cleansing process 4:4; 53:10-12

end of death and insecurity 25:8; (65:20)

end of illness 35:5-6

end of war 2:4; 60:12; 65:21-25

His glory given to Israel 46:13; 54:12; 59:17-20; 60:1;

62:2-9

increased wisdom 12:3; 29:18; 35:5

ingathering 27:13; 43:5-6; 49:9-21; 52:12;

56:8; 60:4, 9

necessary attitudes during… 12:1-6

overview 2:2-21; 11:1-16; chs 52, 53;

55:12-13; ch 61; 65:9-25

reclamation of the land 43:20; 49:13-20; 54:2

suffering in preparation 53:10-12

Mitzva observance

encouraged 52:1

failure…overlooked (?) 43:25-27; 48:18

key mitzvos 33:15 (see Makkos 24); 56:1-2

superficial 1:11-15; 29:13

Prophecy

compared to idolaters’ 41:22; 43:9; 44:25; 45:21;

46:10

false 9:14

for other nations 49:6

in a visual style 20:2

purpose (to testify to God’s greatness)

43:10-12; 44:7-8; 48:5-7

resistance to 30:9-11; 50:6-8

Recovery (national)

through social justice 1:16-17; 33:15; 58:6, 12

promise of 7:21; 10:20-24; 25:8; 29:17-24;

30:18-24; 40:3-4; 49:7; 57:16;

62:2-9

Tzur 23:17

Signs (miraculous)

military threat averted 7:11

Teshuva

always available 57:18-19; 66:4

precursor for redemption 27:5; 31:6; 44:22; 48:18; 50:1-

2; 52:1-3 (DS); 53:10 (Rashi)

55:6; 58:6; 62:10

process 33:13-15; 57:14; 62:10

Testimony

Jewish t. on behalf of God 43:10; 44:7-8

Theft

false oaths 24:6 (Rashi)

fraud 1:22; 10:1

God’s hatred for it 57:17; 61:8

preventing teshuva 33:15

property encroachment 5:8; 65:21-22

restoration of property 60:17; 61:7

through judicial system 32:6-7

through powerful positions 1:23

Torah

as step in national recovery 1:17; 33:6; 51:4, 16; 57:12

in the messianic age 29:18; 41:17-18 (Rashi)

need for clarity 28:7,9

study 8:16, 20; 26:20 (Rashi); 55:1-2,

10

Trade

Tzur and commerce 23:2-8

Treaties

with foreign nations

(consequences) 9:10-11; 30 1-7; 31:1-4; 48:22 (DS?)

Trust in God

God as all powerful 40:10-25; 44:6; 46:9; 48:11-15;

50:2-3; 51:12

futility of trust in idolatry 28:15-20; 42:17; 46:6-7

futility of trust in nations 20:6; 30:1-7; 31:1-4; 59:6-8

futility of trust in witchcraft 47:9, 12-13

Warnings

of destruction 1:24; 6:11-13; 7:17-19; 8:7, 23;

65:7-12

Wealth

during redemption 35:6; 54:12; 61:5 (free labor);

62:9

ideal restraint 30:20 (Rashi)

value of poverty 48:10

source of corrupt power 32:6

source of idolatry 2:7-8

Wisdom

astrology:relying on 29:11 (Rashi)

of Gentiles:limits to value 19:3, 11-14; 41:22; 44:25;

47:10

surprise at disappearance 33:18

Witchcraft

Bavel 47:9, 12-13

Women

at redemption 60:4

excesses/exhibitionism 3:18-24

false sense of security 32:10-11

public immorality 3:16

public leadership 3:12

Yeshayahu

and his task 6:8; 49:2-5; 50:4-5; 58:1; 61:1

Zion/Jerusalem

addressed by the navi (Z) 37:22; 49:15; 51:3; 52:1; 60:14;

62:2

addressed by the navi (J) 40:2; 51:17; 52:2

speaking 49:14

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